All posts by Jacques Gagné

Eastern Europeans at BAnQ

Map of Eastern Europe

Eastern Europeans Who Settled in Quebec

The following database consists of books, documents, abstracts, and short articles that were written by numerous Authors whose works are available at BAnQ and numerous other links.

There are also links pertaining to books available at book stores within the list.

There is a History list of sites used in this document.

To view the database click the link below and open in a new window.

Protestant Families of Quebec City and Trois Rivieres 1759-1875

The photographs below depict cemeteries in each city. They have been declared Historic Sites in Canada and Quebec.

Mount Hermon Cemetery:

Hermon Cemetery is a  National Historic Site of Canada. It is located in the Sillery district (Frenchquartier) of the Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge borough (Frencharrondissement) of Quebec CityQuebec, Canada.[1][2][3][4][5] The cemetery was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 2007.[3][4]

Saint James Cemetery:

Located at the corner of Saint Francois Xavier and de Tonnancour Streets in the old part of Trois Rivieres. It was classified as a Quebec Historic Site in 1962 and is one of the oldest Anglican cemeteries in Canada. The land was acquired by the Three Rivers Anglican Community in 1808 and the cemetery was used until 1917. (It is also known as Cimetiere Saint-James)

The database presented below consists of two extensive lists of names of Protestant Families that resided in Quebec during those years.

The Italians at BAnQ

The Italians at BAnQ

Designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 2002

Montreal’s Italian community is one of the largest in Canada, second only to Toronto. With 279,795 residents of Italian ancestry as of the 2016 census in Greater Montreal,[2] Montreal has many Italian districts, such as La Petite-Italie, Saint-Leonard (Città Italiana), Rivière-des-Prairies, and LaSalle. Italian is the third most spoken language in Montreal and in the province of Quebec.

The Italian Immigrant Presence in Canada, 1840-1990 John E. Zucchi McGill University.

In the last one-hundred years, more than 650,000 Italians have immigrated to Canada, almost three-quarters of them in the period following World War I1 (Rosoli, 1978:35%5). They have settled primarily in Toronto and Montreal, and to a lesser degree in Vancouver, but also in significant numbers in scores of small and large mining and industrial towns in British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario and Nova Scotia….. The literature on Italian immigration to Canada is extensive and is represented by a number of fields, primarily history, sociology, anthropology, geography, political science and literature.1.

In the early 20th century, a new wave of European immigrants made its way to Québec and to Montréal. Among them were thousands of Italians who brought with them their traditions, their values, and their customs, going on to form one of the oldest and largest immigrant cultural communities in Montréal.2.

Of all the immigrants Montreal has welcomed since its founding, the Italians have had the greatest impact on the city. From the arts to politics, agriculture, real estate, gastronomy and sports, the Italian community has influenced every sector of life in Montreal.

The Italian presence on Quebec soil goes back to the founding of Montreal. Italian settlers served in the French regiment of Carignan-Salières (1670) to help fight the Iroquois. In return, the King of France gave them land. More Italian migrants arrived, and in 1860, 60 Italian families called Montreal home. From 1900 to 1915, more than eight million Italians left their country. Many headed for Europe, while others ended up in North America, especially the United States, and a few settled in Quebec, primarily in Montreal.

Notre-Dame-de-la-Défense parish, also known by its Italian name, Madonna della Difesa, is the first Italian parish in Canada. It is located along Saint-Laurent Boulevard, with Saint-Zotique and Jean-Talon streets marking its limits. Educational, assistance, recreational and sports establishments quickly sprung up in the community. It was here that, in 1927, the grand Notre-Dame-de-la-Défense Church was inaugurated. In 2002, the Government of Canada designated this church a national historic site.3.


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The Loyalists at BAnQ Numerique

Loyalists of the Province of Quebec

Following the American War of Independence, the Thirteen Colonies became the United States. Those who wished to remain faithful to the British Crown were obliged to leave their home to reach British territory. Consequently, following the 1783 Treaty that ended the War of Independence, Loyalists moved to British-occupied territories. Fifty thousand Loyalists reached British territories. Today, these territories make up Ontario, Quebec and New Brunswick. Of these 50 000 Loyalists, 500 fled to the Upper Richelieu Valley, to Noyan, Focault and St. Armand, unoccupied seigneuries of the Province of Quebec. These lands were ideal for clearing and their geographical location facilitated trade with the United States.

Excerpt from:

Various online databases at BAnQ (Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec) list books, papers, original documents, government decrees, proclamations by the British authorities during the British Military period and during the Lower Canada time frame about who the Loyalist people of Québec were.

Click the link below to access the database. Open link in a new window.

Premiere Nation Malecite de Viger

Maliseet Viger First Nation

Maliseet Viger First Nation / Première Nation Malécite de Viger

A people who are still residing in 2021 in Lower St. Lawrence – Bas Saint-Laurent, Western New Brunswick at the junction with the Maine / Quebec borders, Northwestern Maine at same USA-Canada border.

A number of First Nation families resisted living among the  families in traditional First Nation Reserves organized by the Federal Government and the Quebec Government. This was the main reason, why so many villages, towns, and cities are listed in the links.

They are a peaceful people who fully integrated with the descendants of European nations  who had settled in said Lower St. Lawrence, Northwestern Maine and Western New Brunswick.

Example: In this database the following link on page 14 for Saint-Mathias-de-Cabano  – consists of 4 pages of lists of baptisms, marriages and deaths.

There are many  pages like the example above  which also contain lists of baptism, marriages and deaths for the parish wherever the https://numerique… followed by Documents online is indicated.

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Atikamekw Nations of Québec

Atikamekw Nations of Manawan (Manouane) of Québec

The Atikamekw of Central Quebec is the smallest First Nation in Quebec regarding the number of residents within their territory. Authors and historians have researched the Atikamekw. They have written numerous articles.

Included within this database one can access numerous Parish Church Register documents as noted in the example below. BanQ numerique documents of baptism, marriage and deaths are accessible through the many BanQ numerique links throughout the database.

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Refugees in Quebec

Canada: A History of Refuge

What Does “Refugee” Mean?

It is not as easy to define “refugee” as one might expect. In its simplest meaning, a refugee is a person who flees his or her home country because of fears of persecution or abuse, particularly by their own government. However, the meaning is affected by political change, public perception and history. According to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, refugees are people who have been forced to leave their country and who are afraid to return because of war, violence or persecution based on race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group.

Navigate through the exposition to learn more about refugees in Canada.

This above database prepared by Jacques Gagné consists of books, articles and theses written by numerous authors on the subject of refugees that have come to Quebec and their contributions.

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Plaisance (Placentia) 1655-1713 & Le French Shore 1713-1783

The European presence in Newfoundland goes back to the early 16th century. In their autobiographies, John Cabot and Jacques Cartier, explorers, both indicated the presence of Basque fishermen along the shores of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, the Strait of Labrador, the southern and northern regions of the Island of Newfoundland.

The extraction of oïl from whales caught off the coast of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the cod fish industry along the coasts of Newfoundland and Labrador were major industries with market places in Continental Europe, the British Isles.

This database contains a selection of authors who have written books, articles, and dissertations about the great fishing era off the Grand Banks of Newfoundland.

Le French Shore

A History of Québec
Québec Past and Present 1608-1876 Part Two

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Sir James MacPherson Le Moine, author of Quebec Past and Present was born in Quebec in 1825 and was a Law Professor at Laval University. From 1869 to 1899, he was an inspector of revenue for the district of Quebec.

He was also a founding member of various organizations such as the Institut Canadien de Québec, the Royal Society of Canada and the National Archives of Canada.

He was an accomplished author and wrote many books. One of those that garnered much attention,  Maple Leaves, Les Pêcheries du Canada, and several books on Canadian history. He was a true fact finder and  his eyewitness accounts were of interest to his readers.

Sir James MacPherson Le Moine was involved with the Literary and Historical Society of Quebec. He served as president in 1871, 1879–1882, and 1902-1903.

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