All posts by Jacques Gagné

Province of Quebec During the British Regime 1763-1791

View of the Esplanade and Fortification of Quebec 1832 shows the British garrison on Parade Robert A. Sproule, BanQ

The following link below lists books, theses, and magazine articles written by numerous authors on the subject of British garrisons in Quebec.

Books that are available to buy are indicated by $$$, while numerous articles and books are available to read online or download for free and are indicated at the end of their links.

To access the file below click the link and open in a new window.

Montreal, Quebec City, Trois-Rivières in the Early Days of British Canada

Early View of Montreal

Montreal Today

Above photo found at montreal.html

Ordinances, proclamations, etc. issued by the military governors
of Quebec, Montreal, Trois-Rivieres, from the capitulation of
Quebec until the establishment of civil government on
August 10, 1764

The following database contains links to authors who have written on the subject of the Capitulation of Quebec and the aftermath. Also included are numerous biographies of the people who played a major role during that period.

Click the link below to access the database in a new window,

The Judicial Archives during the French Regime of New France 1644-1693

Montreal’s Old Courthouse

Along the north side of Notre Dame East near Jacques-Cartier Square, three courthouses stand together. The most interesting is the neoclassical Old Courthouse, Montreal’s oldest palace of justice (1856) which is now an annex of the Montreal City Hall, and a preferred spot for wedding photos. The “New Courthouse”  from the 1920s, used for criminal trials before being turned into a conservatory and later a court of appeal, and the oversized Palais de Justice, built in 1971 when concrete and smoked glass were the rage. by  Dick Nieuwendyk  of The Montreal Times

The Judicial Archives during the French Regime of New France

1644-1693  &  1693-1769

In 2022, students at McGill University, Université de Montréal, Université Laval, Concordia University, UQAM (Université du Québec à Montréal), Université de Sherbrooke, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières and at Chicoutimi, these students would be in a position to attend classes which in part address the Judicial Archives during the French regime of New France (1644-1759).

 Among genealogical societies across Québec, the following societies:

Société de généalogie de Québec at Quebec City, Société généalogique canadienne-française in Montréal, Société de généalogie de l’Estrie at Sherbrooke, are most likely teaching their members about the Judicial Archives of New France.


The content of the link was constructed for family lineage researchers who have graduated from traditional genealogy search engines. It is a powerful dossier for family lineage searches who have graduated from the traditional Church & Civil Registers of acts of birth, baptism, marriage, death, and burials.

Contents of the database link below:

Royal Jurisdiction of Montreal 1693-1769

Guide to Court Records

Bailiwick Dossiers of Montreal

Transcripts of trial proceedings

Inventories of judgments of the High Judiciary Council of New France 1717-1760

Inventories of Ordinances issued by the Government Stewards of New France

Inventory of insinuations of the Provost of Québec

Bailiwick Dossiers of Montréal recorded by Notaries

Inventories of notary registries of the French Regime

Notaries & Clerk Registrars of the Court – Judicial District of Montreal – 1668-1760

Repositories in Canada

Seigneuries of New France and of Quebec 1654-1854

An aerial view of the seigneurial system in New France

The database below consists of the following:

Introduction to Seigneuries & Seigneurs of New France – 1654-1854

Table of Contents:

    Introductionp.   1-11
    Censitaires Recordsp. 11-12
    Inventory of Concessionsp. 12-14
    Notariesp. 14
    Authorsp. 14 – 124
    History Linksp. 124- 140
    Regional Genealogy Links by Countyp. -140 161
    Repositories in Francep. 161-163
    Repositories in Canadap. 163-166

The authors’ section consists of bilingual notations:

  • numerous biographical sketches of the seigneurs
  • published books, articles and theses on the subject
  •  regional studies
  • immigration
  • habitants and merchants

Grand Voyers – Road Commissioners

Account by the Grand Voyer, Lanouiller de Boisclerc, 1735

At the onset of the 18th Century, the road system in New France crisscrossed only a minute part of the sprawling territory.There were the «rangs» of course, and short stretches of road here and there, but no thoroughfare linking the capital city of Québec to Montreal. In 1706, the Conseil supérieur (grand council) decreed that a road be built along the river shoreline bear settlements. Thanks to ste statute labour of his «corvées du roy», the Grand Voyer (senior road surveyor) Eustache Lanouiller de Boisclerc began work in 1731. When construction was completed in 1737, the chemin du Roy was 7.4 metres wide and streched over 280 kilometers, crossing through 37 seignories.\

The contents of the database below consists of :

Inventory of Minutes of Grand Voyers meetings………… p.4

Grand Voyers  –  Road Commissioners…………………………p.4 – 17

Maps  – county, regional, township, seigniories ……………p.17 – 42

Authors – who wrote about the Chemin du Roy  ………….p.42 – 103

History Links ……………………………………………………………… p.103 – p.118

Quebec Genealogical Societies …………………………………. p. 118 – 122

Publishers France – Canada ………………………………………..p.122 – 145

French Canadian Genealogy ……………………………………… p.145 – 157

                Fichiers Origines links for all 95 departments in France

Repositories in Canada ………………………………………………. p.157 – 159

A Guide to Court Records

Montreal Court House – Palais de Justice

Online resources found on BAnQ

Judicial archives guide

Guide to Court Records, Evelyn Kolish, 2017, 99 p. [PDF – 1.16 Mo]

BAnQ has close to 21 kilometres of court records in its 10 centres, dating back to the middle of the 17th century. These records constitute an historical archival fonds of remarkable depth and continuity, that enables researchers to study how Québec society has changed from its origins to the present day.

Created by courts throughout Québec, these records are preserved in the BAnQ regional centre closest to their point of origin. Because they show how different aspects of daily life have changed, both over time and by region, they can give sometimes highly detailed information about the past. This information can provide many different paths of inquiry: into specific people and events, as well as into broader social, economic and political phenomena – not to mention the judicial system itself! The Guide to Court Records will give researchers an overview of how the courts themselves and the records they create have changed over the past four centuries. Furthermore, for practical purposes, the Guide is based specifically on the court records preserved in BAnQ’s regional centres

Below is a copy of the document the above text refers to.

Montreal Archives Property Assessments 1847-2003

Évaluation foncière 1847-2003

Property assessment 1847-2003
4,606 online listings

3723 documents textuels (registres). – Environ 3800 microfiches. – 957 microfilms. – 12 boîtes.

3,723 documents (registers) – About 3,800 microfiches. – 957 microfilms – 12 boxes

Portée et contenu     
La série renseigne essentiellement sur l’évaluation foncière dans les
différents quartiers de la Ville de Montréal, de 1847 à 2003 inclusivement. Le rôle d’évaluation permet d’établir le montant des taxes municipales à partir d’un taux fixé par règlement par le conseil municipal.

Content of dossiers                                                                          The collection addresses the property assessment from 1847 to 2003 in various districts of the city of Montreal.

Chaque propriété listée dans le rôle d’un quartier possède un numéro de compte unique à huit chiffres, dont les deux premiers réfèrent au quartier.

Les autres informations disponibles sont l’adresse civique, le cadastre, le nom du ou des propriétaire(s) et la valeur de la propriété, résultat de l’évaluation de la bâtisse et du terrain.

Each property listed within various districts was assigned with an assessment number of eight digits, the first two being the district number. Additional information includes the street address, the cadastral number, the name or names of owner or owners in addition to the monetary value of said property.

La série comprend les registres originaux sur papier pour les périodes 1847-1934, 1963-1978 et l’année 1987. Les rôles d’évaluation pour les périodes 1847-1962 et 1979-1986 ont été microfilmés. Les rôles d’évaluation pour la période 1963-1978 et l’année 1987 sont disponibles uniquement en format papier (registre). Pour les années 1988 à 2003, les rôles ont été microfilmés.

Fonds includes the original dossiers of 1847-1934,1973-1978 and the year of 1987 in their original paper formats. The periods of 1847-1934,1973-1978 and 1987 are available on microfilms.

Les documents sont en français et en anglais.

Documents are available in either the French or English languages.

Archives de Montréal  Consultation Téléphone : 514-872-1173 / 514-872-2615

Opened on Tuesdays and Thursdays

Catalogue of dossiers

Researched and compiled by
Jacques Gagné



Montreal Archives Collection
Our collection of thematic files (VM166) is now available online. Well known to our regular researchers, who formerly had to come and consult it on microfilm at our offices, this collection is extremely rich in information relating to municipal administration and

The database below consists of property assessments available at the repository of Montreal Archives.

The subject matter of property assessments is often overlooked by family lineage researchers and some are not aware of the existence of Archives Montreal.

17th Century – Settlement in New France The port of La Rochelle where new settlers boarded ships sailing to New France

Settlement of New France during the 17th century / Peuplement de la Nouvelle-France au 17e siècle

This dossier addresses the origin of French Canadians, Acadians, and Franco Americans, and those who recruited them to settle in New France.


  • BnF Gallica (Bibliothèque nationale de France) in Paris (Online dossiers (free))
  • BnF Catalogue général (Bibliothèque nationale de France- two main libraries in Paris
  • BAnQ Catalogue –12 repositories across the province.
  • BAnQ Numérique (Online dossiers (free)
  • BAnQ Collections (Online dossiers (collections) addressing New France & Québec –  the people who made a difference.
  • MemHOuest – Université de Rennes –  Master Theses – various universities of France who researched the origin in North West France of immigrants bound for the North American French Colonies from 1598 onward.
  • Revue d’histoire – Outre-Mers – Essays, dissertations, papers by college and university professors of France who published texts addressing the immigrants from mostly North West France  destined to the French Colonies of North America including Nouvelle-France, Acadie, Louisiane of the 17th and 18th centuries.
  • Les Cahiers des Dix –the best and most influential historians and authors of the French language in Québec province –  1920s onward..
  • Les Sept aux Archives nationales du Canada in Ottawa. The most prominent French language historians associated with Library Archives Canada and Université d’Ottawa  for the  past 60+ years.
  • University History professors – Cambridge University, Université de Paris à La Sorbonne, McGill University, University of Toronto, University of Ottawa, Université de Montréal, Université Laval, University of Moncton who wrote about New France and Acadia.
  • Société royale du Canada (Royal Society of Canada) based in part in Ottawa- historians who also addressed  New France, Acadia, Louisiana and France.

Click the link to open in a new window.

Physicians of Quebec 1760 – 1800

The doctor is making an incision using a scalpel.

History of Medicine in the Province of Quebec

1760 – 1800

The following database consists of biographical sketches of surgeons, doctors, nurses, and pharmacists who made a difference in the early years of Quebec. Information is gleaned from these books:

Medicale au vieux Trois Rivières  

Visages du vieux Trois Rivières,

Medicine in the Province of Quebec,

Hotel-Dieu de Montreal



along with many biographical sketches, theses, and memoirs.

The database includes numerous authors who wrote about the history of medicine, the doctors involved in military operations in Quebec, the hospitals, and the diseases of the time.

An extensive list of repositories from Canada and France was used in this database.

Medical Instruments